Parque Estadual da Ilha do Cardoso, São Paulo, Brazil
The Restinga (sand-based) forest of Cardoso Island has an open canopy formed by trees of 5–15 m tall, whose understorey is covered mainly by Quesnelia arvensis (Bromeliaceae), while the most commonly epiphytic species is Vriesea procera (Bromeliaceae). Cardoso is marked by two seasons, a cold and less humid season (April–August, average temperature: 13 °C, average rainfall: 500 mm), and a hot and humid season (September– March, average temperature: 32 °C, average rainfall: 1800 mm).
See more in Gonçalves et al. 2017